Since taking office Jan. 20, President Joe Biden has signed twice as many executive orders as his immediate predecessors over the same period, putting him on a projected pace for the fourth-highest annual average in the history of the presidency.
As of March 10, which marked Biden’s first 50 days in office, he had signed 37 EOs, according the FederalRegister.gov. That number compares to 16 for President Trump, 17 for President Obama and eight for President George W. Bush.
If Biden maintains that pace, he’s expected to sign an average of 218 a year, according to an analysis by the American Presidency Project UC Santa Barbara. That would be the most since Franklin D. Roosevelt with 307 a year.
Herbert Hoover with 242 a year and Woodrow Wilson at 225 are the only other U.S. presidents above the 218 mark.
Among Biden’s most impactful and well known executive orders are those that canceled the Keystone XL oil pipeline, required travelers to wear masks in U.S. airports and rescinded some of Trump’s executive orders on immigration.
Biden has defended his large number of executive orders, saying that he is undoing “bad policy” from the previous administration.
“I want to make it clear,” Biden said Feb. 2 when signing three executive orders on immigration policy. “There’s a lot of talk, with good reason, about the number of executive orders that I have signed. I’m not making new law. I’m eliminating bad policy.”
Besides reversing orders signed by Trump, Biden has also used the orders, which can sidestep Congress, to promote his own policies, including those on discrimination, climate change and health care.
Here are all 37 of Biden’s executive orders to date:
- Executive Order on Establishment of the White House Gender Policy Council, March 8, 2021 — States that the federal government looks to advance equal rights and opportunities, regardless of gender or gender identity, in the advancement of both domestic and foreign policy. Biden plans on promoting “workplace diversity, fairness, and inclusion across the Federal workforce and military.”
- Executive Order on Guaranteeing an Educational Environment Free from Discrimination on the Basis of Sex, Including Sexual Orientation or Gender Identity, March 8, 2021 — The Biden administration states that all students should be able to be given a discrimination-free educational environment. Discrimination in the form of sexual harassment and sexual violence on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity shall not be permitted by institutions receiving federal funding.
- Executive Order on Promoting Access to Voting, March 7, 2021 — Aims to promote and defend the right to vote for all Americans who are legally eligible to do so. The administration plans to expand access to education regarding voter registration and election information, and hopes to combat misinformation.
- Executive Order on the Revocation of Certain Presidential Actions, Feb. 24, 2021 — Reversed seven Trump orders that had lessened regulatory requirements and withheld funding from cities permitting Black Lives Matter protests.
- Executive Order on America’s Supply Chains, Feb. 24, 2021 — A 100-day review of U.S. supply chains for pharmaceuticals, critical minerals, semiconductors and large-capacity batteries was created, which pushed agencies into securing and investing in the supply chains.
- Executive Order on the Revocation of Executive Order 13801, Feb. 17, 2021 — Directs agencies to take steps in order to rescind any orders, rules, regulations, guidelines, or policies that implemented Trump’s previous executive order aimed at expanding apprenticeships in America.
- Executive Order on the Establishment of the White House Office of Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships, Feb.14, 2021 — Aims to provide community services to low-income individuals, in coordination with federal, state and local governments, along with other private organizations.
- Executive Order on Blocking Property with Respect to the Situation in Burma, Feb. 11, 2021 — Blocks property ownership in the United States by any foreigner associated with Myanmar military leaders, their business interests or those threatening democracy in Myanmar.
- Executive Order on Rebuilding and Enhancing Programs to Resettle Refugees and Planning for the Impact of Climate Change on Migration, Feb. 4, 2021 — Focuses on expanding the United States Refugee Admissions Program and reverses Trump policies aimed at implementing limits on refugee admissions, which required additional vetting.
- Executive Order on the Establishment of Interagency Task Force on the Reunification of Families, Feb. 2, 2021 — Reverses a Trump order that separated families at the southern border. It also creates a task force that will advise Biden on what steps to take in order to reunite families.
- Executive Order on Creating a Comprehensive Regional Framework to Address the Causes of Migration, to Manage Migration Throughout North and Central America, and to Provide Safe and Orderly Processing of Asylum Seekers at the United States Border, Feb. 2, 2021 — Reverses a Trump order by focusing on economic and political causes of migration while working with organizations to protect asylum seekers and make sure they have legal access to the United States.
- Executive Order on Restoring Faith in Our Legal Immigration Systems and Strengthening Integration and Inclusion Efforts for New Americans, Feb. 2, 2021 — Revokes a Trump memo that required immigrants to reimburse the government if they received federal benefits.
- Executive Order on Strengthening Medicaid and the Affordable Care Act, Jan. 28, 2021 — Focused on reopening enrollment on HealthCare.gov from Feb. 15 through May 15, in addition to pushing federal agencies to reevaluate their policies that could reduce or threaten access to the Affordable Care Act.
- Executive Order on the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, Jan. 27, 2021 — Reinforces the president’s effort to make “evidence-based decisions guided by the best available science and data” by bringing on scientists, engineers, and other experts to offer the best available scientific and technological information and advice to administration officials as part of the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology.
- Executive Order on Tackling the Climate Crisis at Home and Abroad, Jan. 27, 2021 — Makes climate change an essential aspect of United States foreign policy and national security. It also begins the development of a new emissions reduction target.
- Executive Order on Reforming Our Incarceration System to Eliminate the Use of Privately Operated Criminal Detention Facilities, Jan. 26, 2021 — Aims to eliminate the use of private prisons by directing the attorney general not to renew contracts with such facilities.
- Executive Order on Ensuring the Future Is Made in All of America by All of America’s Workers, Jan. 25, 2021 — Aims to assist American businesses and workers by using goods offered in the United States and by obtaining goods that will help American businesses compete in strategic industries.
- Executive Order on Enabling All Qualified Americans to Serve Their Country in Uniform, Jan. 25, 2021 — Revokes a Trump order that barred transgender Americans from enlisting in the military by stating that all who are qualified to serve should be permitted to do so.
- Executive Order on Protecting the Federal Workforce, Jan. 22, 2021 — Reinstated collective bargaining and worker protections for federal employees while also beginning the promotion for a $15 minimum wage.
- Executive Order on Economic Relief Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic, Jan. 22, 2021 — Focuses on aiding those who did not receive stimulus checks, are unemployed or are in need of food as a result of the coronavirus pandemic.
- Executive Order on Establishing the COVID-19 Pandemic Testing Board and Ensuring a Sustainable Public Health Workforce for COVID-19 and Other Biological Threats, Jan. 21, 2021 — Increases the manufacturing and delivery of coronavirus supplies for vaccination, testing and Personal Protective Equipment.
- Executive Order on Protecting Worker Health and Safety, Jan. 21, 2021 — Ensures the health and safety of healthcare workers is a national priority by emphasizing the importance of making sure healthcare workers are protected from the coronavirus.
- Executive Order on Supporting the Reopening and Continuing Operation of Schools and Early Childhood Education Providers, Jan. 21, 2021 — Provides the Department of Education and HHS with guidance for reopening and operating schools, childcare providers and colleges and universities while maintaining safety for all individuals.
- Executive Order on Ensuring an Equitable Pandemic Response and Recovery, Jan. 21, 2021 — Looks to identify and eliminate health and social inequities in minority communities due to COVID-19.
- Executive Order on a Sustainable Public Health Supply Chain, Jan. 21, 2021 — Urges immediate action to obtain necessary supplies for responding to the coronavirus pandemic so that the supplies are available to local and federal government authorities, as well as to health care workers, health systems and patients.
- Executive Order on Ensuring a Data-Driven Response to COVID-19 and Future High-Consequence Public Health Threats, Jan. 21, 2021 — The administration looks to combat COVID-19 by using methods guided by the “best available science and data,” which includes developing a better public health infrastructure.
- Executive Order on Improving and Expanding Access to Care and Treatments for COVID-19, Jan. 21, 2021 — Aims to improve America’s healthcare systems in order to address COVID-19. It hopes to increase the development of novel therapies used to treat the virus and to improve access to “quality and affordable healthcare”.
- Executive Order on Promoting COVID-19 Safety in Domestic and International Travel, Jan. 21, 2021 — To mitigate the risk of spreading COVID-19, all public transportation travelers are required to wear a mask and socially distance. International travelers must provide proof of a negative coronavirus test.
- Executive Order on Ethics Commitments by Executive Branch Personnel, Jan. 20, 2021 — Requires newly appointed executive branch officials to sign an ethics pledge that prevents them from acting in their own personal interest. They are also expected to uphold the independence of the Department of Justice.
- Executive Order on Preventing and Combating Discrimination on the Basis of Gender Identity or Sexual Orientation, Jan. 20, 2021 — States that everyone should be respected and be able to live without fear, regardless of their gender identity or sexual orientation. The administration hopes children can learn without fear about whether “they will be denied access to the restroom, the locker room, or school sports.”
- Executive Order on Protecting Public Health and the Environment and Restoring Science to Tackle the Climate Crisis, Jan. 20, 2021 — Revokes the Keystone XL pipeline and urges agencies to reverse more than 100 of Trump’s orders regarding the environment.
- Executive Order on Ensuring a Lawful and Accurate Enumeration and Apportionment Pursuant to the Decennial Census, Jan. 20, 2021 — For elected representatives to represent the interests of all United States residents, the administration looks to include non-citizens in the census so the population of each state, in order to determine congressional representation, shall be determined using all residents, not just legal citizens.
- Executive Order on Revocation of Certain Executive Orders Concerning Federal Regulation,Jan. 20, 2021 — To take on the coronavirus pandemic, economic recovery, racial justice, and climate change, the administration wants executive departments and agencies to be equipped with the tools to use robust regulatory action. This revokes a previous order that implemented policies and directives that would “threaten to frustrate the Federal Government’s ability to confront these problems.”
- Executive Order on the Revision of Civil Immigration Enforcement Policies and Priorities, Jan. 20, 2021 — Revokes a Trump order that expanded immigration enforcement within the United States. Biden’s order states that “the task of enforcing the immigration laws is complex and requires setting priorities to best serve the national interest.”
- Executive Order on Organizing and Mobilizing the United States Government to Provide a Unified and Effective Response to Combat COVID-19 and to Provide United States Leadership on Global Health and Security, Jan. 20, 2021 — Creates the coordinator of the COVID-19 response and counselor to the president position. The order also takes steps to organize the White House and activities of the federal government to battle coronavirus and prepare for future pandemic threats.
- Executive Order on Protecting the Federal Workforce and Requiring Mask-Wearing, Jan. 20, 2021 — Requires masks and social distancing in federal buildings, on federal lands and by government contractors. It also encourages state and local governments to implement a similar policy.
- Executive Order On Advancing Racial Equity and Support for Underserved Communities Through the Federal Government, Jan. 20, 2021 — Reverses the Trump administration’s 1776 Commission, pushing agencies to review their actions on racial equity in order to enforce such a policy.